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human rights watch world report 2020 somalia

The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) recorded a total of 1,154 civilian casualties by mid-November. The government failed to put in place juvenile justice measures, notably for children accused of Al-Shabab-related crimes. Fatima, 20, dropped out of Grade 5 after teachers bullied her because she has albinism. At time of writing, the court’s mandate remained unclear, and no juvenile facilities set up. The Guardians are Tenetehara Indigenous people who patrol the land to detect illegal logging and report it to the authorities. Human Rights Watch exposes human rights abuses like torture, violence against women, and child exploitation. Revita, Josina’s teacher, allows her sit up close in class and gives her extra time during exams. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Josina, a girl with albinism, sits in her classroom in Chiuta District in Mozambique’s Tete province. “Rose” and “Eddie” playing on their couch in February 2019, inside their house in Quezon City. Sixty-seven percent of this figure is due to indiscriminate and targeted attacks, the majority improvised explosive devices (IEDs) attacks, by the Islamist armed group Al-Shabab. In order to maintain our independence, we accept no money from any government. These individuals faced serious abuses, including sexual violence, forced evictions, and limited access to basic needs such as food and water. He said his father, who scavenged for scraps for a living, was a good man. Jaciane Guajajara (left) and Graça Guajajara remember their father Tomé Guajajara, who was killed in 2007 by loggers who invaded their village to recover a logging truck apprehended by Indigenous people inside the Araribóia Indigenous territory. Hostilities in eastern Ukraine entered their sixth year and continued to put civilians’ lives and well-being at risk, even as … He now works in the fields with his father, where he plants beans and maize. On February 10, the regional court in Hargeisa suspended the Foore newspaper for one year and fined the editor, Abdirashid Abdiwahab Ibrahim, 3 million Somaliland shillings (US$300). Dozens of government and security officials as well as former electoral delegates and clan elders who had been involved in the 2016 electoral process, were assassinated; Al-Shabab claimed responsibility for some of the killings. It's good work. Children carry the coffin of “Veneracion” to the top of an apartment-type grave in a cemetery in Mandaluyong City on December 29, 2016. “Zeny” got depressed and lost her Job after her husband “Alvin Ricaforte” was killed. The US military increasingly conducted airstrikes in Somalia and joint military operations against Al-Shabab. The government has yet to endorse the list of nominees for the country’s first independent National Human Rights Commission. The Pyhcop Catiji Indigenous people set up a rudimentary road block to detect logging trucks carrying illegally-harvested timber from Governador and Araribóia Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão State, in June 2018. She is often called “money” or “business” outside of class. World Report 2020: Ethiopia | Human Rights Watch. Relations between the federal government and the federal member states deteriorated, diverting attention from needed reforms and on occasion resulting in abuses. Annual review of human rights around the globe. Last week, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released their World Report 2020—an annual review of human rights around the globe. He witnessed his father being shot by a masked gunman on December 19, 2016. For 20 years, the Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP Report) has demonstrated the United States’ conviction that human trafficking is a global threat necessitating a global response. In December 2018, during the run-up to regional presidential elections in Baidoa, Ethiopian forces arrested Mukhtar Robow, a former Al-Shabab leader who ran for the regional presidency, sparking protests. He is afraid to go to school. Photo taken in February 2019. Attention to ensuring accountability for abuses remained minimal. Somali government forces responded to a handful of largely peaceful demonstrations with lethal force. When she would try to sit in the front of the class to better see the blackboard, one teacher would yell, “You albino, you stay where you are!” Her father complained to the school but it only made things worse. A month later, the country received Pope Francis, whose presence was aimed at strengthening the peace agreement. The federal government, regional authorities, notably in Puntland and Jubaland, and Al-Shabab continued to intimidate, harass and attack journalists. Shares. The Somaliland government severely restricted reporting and free expression on issues deemed controversial or overly critical of the authorities. African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, first independent National Human Rights Commission, Military courts continue to try defendants in a broad range of cases, killings, maiming, and the recruitment and use of child soldiers, at particular risk of sexual and gender-based violence, police detained for three days Ali Adan Munim, many of them children and internally displaced, https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/somalia, Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD). Fartun Ibrahim, a member of the Mogadishu-based Peace and Human Rights Network (PHRN), said the human rights violations documented in the HRW report were an ongoing problem in Somalia. “I wonder why can't they treat me like a normal person?”. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 100 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2018 through November 2019. In September 2018 assailants broke into his house in what appeared to be a kidnapping attempt. Somali government forces responded to a handful of largely peaceful... Al-Shabab Abuses. In April, AFRICOM acknowledged two civilian casualties in an April 2018 strike, citing internal reporting errors. The 44 th annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices provide carefully researched, factual, and objective information on actions foreign governments are taking – or not taking – to demonstrate observance of and respect for internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. It is urgent to resist this assault, which threatens decades of progress on human rights and our future. In 2018, the UN documented more cases of children recruited and used as soldiers in Somalia than in any other country in the world. All Somali parties to the conflict commited serious abuses against children, including killings, maiming, and the recruitment and use of child soldiers. Revita, Josina’s teacher, allows her sit up close in class and gives her extra time during exams. 0. The UN documented over 100 incidents of sexual violence against girls. ... Condemn Minority Rights Report. The Pyhcop Catiji people who live there have set up a group of “Forest Guardians,” who patrol the forest to detect illegal logging. Twelve years on, there has been no trial. The Guardians are Tenetehara Indigenous people who patrol the land to detect illegal logging and report it to the authorities. As HRW describes this e-book, “World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. Students with albinism are not the only ones to face stigma. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) recorded a total of 1,1154 civilian casualties by mid-November. “There were no consequences for any of them.”. ... will deliver its report to the Human Rights Council at its September 2020 session. Media and NGOs documented several civilian casualties. 13 April 2016 A/HRC/32/12: This was the report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review on Somalia. Political tensions intensified throughout 2018 and 2019. “Jennifer” was 11 when her father was shot dead in December 2016 during a drug raid in their home in Payatas, Quezon City, February 2019. One of two illegal sawmills found by Human Rights Watch about five kilometers outside Governador Indigenous territory, in the outskirts of Amarante do Maranhão in June 2018. Report on the human rights situation covering 2019 Human Rights in Africa: Review of 2019 - Somalia [AFR 01/1352/2020] (Periodical Report, English) en ID 2028288 In August, six UN Security Council member states blocked a bid by Kenya to impose additional counterterrorism sanctions on Al-Shabab that could have jeopardized the delivery of humanitarian aid. Fighting between armed Islamist groups and pro-government forces has subjected southern and central Somalia to violence and instability. They were looking for her brother John, who would often go missing. The ban on Foore was lifted in August. Human Rights Watch upholds the freedoms and defends the protections that promote dignity, equality, and justice. Humanitarian agencies face serious access challenges due to insecurity, targeted attacks on aid workers, generalized violence, and restrictions imposed by parties to the conflict. The “Forest Guardians” of Caru Indigenous Territory, Maranhão State, prepare for a patrol in June 2018. A masked gunman shot her in the head while she ate dinner outside a convenient store on December 16, 2016. Positively, Somalia ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and produced its first report for the Committee on the Rights of the Child. He finds that Beijing’s actions both encourage and gain support from autocratic populists around the globe, while Chinese authorities use their economic clout to deter criticism from other governments. Riifoormiin mirga namoomaa bara hojii tokoffaa muummicha ministeera Abiy Ahmed calqabame bara 2019 keessa walitti bu’insa hawaasaa kan akka walitti bu’insa Sabaafi seer-dhablummaan danqameera. The work is hard and painful, because the sun hurts his skin. ecoi.net is supported by ECRE & UNHCR. Our people Mausi Segun. Since last June, Revita said that some schools have introduced Braille classes, which Josina was taking. 12. In August, Mozambique President Filipe Nyusi and the leader of the country’s main opposition party Renamo, Ossufo Momade, signed a new peace agreement pledging to end years of violence and pave the way for elections in October. "Women are among the people who face the most problems when it comes to human rights … Internally displaced women and girls remain at particular risk of sexual and gender-based violence by armed men and civilians. by Admin; October 8, 2020; 12. The Pyhcop Catiji Indigenous people protect a remnant of Amazon rainforest surrounded by cattle ranches, mostly devoid of trees. “When people say terrible things to me, I never answer,” Cesaria said. He was accused of insulting public officials, disrupting government work, and spreading propaganda. In late May, the police detained for three days Ali Adan Munim, reporter at the private Goobjoog media outlet, citing Facebook posts in which Ali criticized National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) treatment of detainees and had said he had obtained copies of national exams. The government also arbitrarily arrested perceived government critics. Inter-clan and intra-security force violence, often over control of land and revenge killings, led to civilian deaths, injuries, and displacement, as did sporadic military operations, including airstrikes, against Al-Shabab by Somali government forces, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, and other foreign forces. Aisha Ilyas Adan, 12, went missing on February 24, and her body was discovered the next day near her home in North Galkayo, Puntland. I still have the dream but I can't go to school,” said Joao, 19, who dropped out of school for fear of kidnapping. “John” lies on a ledge in the streets of Mandaluyong City in January 2019. Human rights reforms implemented by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed during his first year in office were threatened in 2019 by communal, including ethnic, conflict and breakdowns in law and order. Amnesty International documented the killing of a member of parliament and a child on December 14. According to humanitarian agencies, over 173,255 people had been evicted, most forcibly, by August 2019, primarily in Mogadishu. Abuses against Children. In January, when Somalia became a member of the UN Human Rights Council, the federal government expelled the UN head in Somalia, Nicholas Haysom, pointing to a letter in which he had raised human rights concerns around government actions in Baidoa. Al-Shabab continues to prohibit many nongovernmental organizations and all UN agencies from working in areas under its control, blockading some government-controlled towns. Ongoing armed conflict, insecurity, lack of state protection, and recurring humanitarian crises exposed Somali civilians to serious abuse. In May, security forces killed at least one child as students peacefully protested in Beletweyn, following a government decision to postpone exams. In September and October, authorities in Puntland repeatedly harassed journalists at Daljir Radio after the station reported on alleged arbitrary arrests and mistreatment of detainees, including the alleged death in custody of one detainee as a result of mistreatment, by Puntland security forces. In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth says that the Chinese government, which depends on repression to stay in power, is carrying out the most intense attack on the global human rights system in decades. Josina (left) with her niece, Luisa, both eight at the time. ... World Report 2020. Loggers cross the river into the territory to extract timber illegally, Indigenous people say. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 The 652-page volume reviews human rights practices and trends in nearly 100 countries. The cases of two girls who were gang raped by civilians and died received significant public attention. Since last June, Revita said that some schools have introduced Braille classes, which Josina was taking. International donors supported the establishment of a new civilian court and prison complex in Mogadishu. Annual report on the human rights situation in 2019 HRW – Human Rights Watch: “World Report 2020 - United States”, Document #2022827 - ecoi.net Countries Three days later, at her wake, her brother-in-law, “Renato Aldeguer,” was shot dead, leaving behind young children. Our annual review of human rights around the globe. The government appointed individuals implicated in serious human rights abuses to high-level positions. World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. There are an estimated 2.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), many living unassisted and vulnerable to abuse. World Report 2020 - Somalia Abuses by Government and Allied Forces. Afaan Oromoo – World Report 2020: Ethiopia – Human Rights Watch. On January 12, poet Abdirahman Ibrahim Adan (known as "Abdirahman Abees") was arbitrarily arrested and charged with “insulting the police” after he highlighted various due process abuses in Somaliland. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 100 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2018 through November 2019” (p. VIII). Since his death, the four Aldeguer children have been living in the streets of Mandaluyong City because their relationship with their mother fell apart. Three men were sentenced to death under Puntland’s 2016 Sexual Offences Act, which includes death penalty sentences for “aggravated” cases of rape. ecoi.net is funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, the Austrian Ministry of the Interior and Caritas Austria. When Nelson, 13, was born, his father thought it was because of witchcraft. Ongoing armed conflict, insecurity, lack of state protection, and recurring humanitarian crises exposed Somali civilians to serious abuse. ecoi.net is run by the Austrian Red Cross (department ACCORD) in cooperation with Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration. According to Kyle’s mother, Ricaforte’s body was shown on TV several times and Kyle recognized him. He tries to find work as a singer. There was a significant number of arbitrary arrests of journalists and temporary closure of media outlets. Executive Director, Africa ... Human Rights Watch … Somalia Human Rights Human Rights Concerns. Last Updated: Thursday, 17 December 2020, 16:13 GMT ... Human Rights Watch World Report 1989 - Somalia. The child’s father was convicted of attempting to sell him. 0. This sawmill was in the open, unobscured by any fences or trees, a few hundred meters from a main road, and hooked to the town´s power grid. Two Years After #MeToo Erupts, A New Treaty Anchors Workplace Shifts, Shutting Down the Internet to Shut Up Critics, Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries, With Millions Out of School, the Countdown Begins to Get All Children into Quality, Accessible Education, As Killer Robots Loom, Demands Grow to Keep Humans in Control of Use of Force, Holding Companies to Account: Momentum Builds for Corporate Human Rights Duties, Discrimination and Barriers to Education for Persons with Albinism in Mozambique. Following the December 2018 police violence in Baidoa, key international partners—the European Union, the United Kingdom and Germany—temporarily suspended support to police in the South West State. The UN explicitly linked the humanitarian situation to climate change, among other factors. Human Rights Watch is anchored by Guiding Principles that orient us in the world and by Core Values that inform our standards, practices, and treatment of one another. Fearing for his life, he decided to seek refuge at a children’s group south of Manila. According to his mother, “Kyle,” who is 5 in this February 2019 photo, became more violent after his father was killed in November 2016. The Somali penal code, currently being revised, classifies sexual violence as an “offence against modesty and sexual honor” rather than as a violation of bodily integrity; it also punishes same-sex intercourse. Scenes of the Pindaré river, which marks the limit between the mostly deforested areas around the Caru Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão, and the lush rainforest inside, in June 2018. World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. “My dream was to become a teacher. Luisinho, 26, quit his job selling second-hand clothes on the street because he could not afford sunscreen and his skin would burn. Al-Shabab conducted targeted and indiscriminate attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure using improvised explosive devices (IEDs), suicide bombings, and shelling, as well as assassinations, particularly in Mogadishu and Lower Shabelle, which resulted in over 750 civilian deaths and injuries, according to the UN. Somali federal and regional authorities unlawfully detained children simply for alleged ties to Al-Shabab and at times prosecuted in military courts, children for terrorism-related offenses. Federal and regional authorities, particularly in Somaliland, continued to restrict free expression and media freedoms, including by harassing and arbitrarily detaining journalists and perceived critics, and temporarily shutting down media outlets. The annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, also known as the Human Rights Reports, cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements. The Human Rights Council adopted without a vote a resolution on assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights. Franciel Souza Guajajara leads a meeting of the Wazayzar  before setting out on patrol in the village of Lagoa Comprida in June 2018. His father, “Alvin Ricaforte,” was found dead on the Delpan bridge, in Tondo, Manila, his face wrapped in packaging tape and bearing multiple stab wounds in the chest. Children cover their noses from the smell during a mass burial on January 24, 2017, of unclaimed bodies in a cemetery in Navotas, a city in Metro Manila that has been hard hit in the “drug war.”, Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808. Report of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia (A/HRC/24/40) Most recent reports by the UN Secretary-General, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Secretariat. Flavia Pinto, head of Azemap, a volunteer-run organization that supports people with albinism, with a toddler that she is in the process of adopting. Military courts continue to try defendants in a broad range of cases, including for terrorism-related offenses, in proceedings that violate fair trial standards. Cláudio José da Silva, the coordinator of the “Forest Guardians” of Caru Indigenous Territory, Maranhão State, at the bank of the Pindaré river in June 2018. Franciel Souza Guajajara, then coordinator of the Wazayzar, or “keepers of the culture,” of Araribóia Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão State, leads a group of guardians on a foot patrol near the village of Lagoa Comprida in June 2018. Annual report on the human rights situation in 2019. 0. Human Rights Watch opposes the death penalty in all cases. The Somali federal and regional authorities, along with their international partners, focused on fighting Al-Shabaab and on managing elections including the South West regional presidential elections in late 2018, Puntland parliamentary and presidential elections in early 2019 and Jubaland parliamentary and presidential elections in August 2019. ... March 11, 2020. 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